Encephalitis

  1. General information
    1. Inflammation of the brain caused by a virus, e.g., herpes simplex (type I) or arbovirus (transmitted by mosquito or tick)
    2. May occur as a sequela of other diseases such as measles, mumps, chickenpox.
  2. Assessment findings
    1. Headache
    2. Fever, chills, vomiting
    3. Signs of meningeal irritation
    4. Possibly seizures
    5. Alterations in LOC
  3. Nursing interventions
    1. Monitor vital signs and neuro checks frequently.
    2. Provide nursing measures for increased ICP, seizures, hyperthermia if they occur.
    3. Provide nursing care for confused or unconscious client as needed.
    4. Provide client teaching and discharge planning: same as for meningitis.

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