Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

  1. General information
    1. CAD refers to a variety of pathologic conditions that cause narrowing or obstruction of the coronary arteries, resulting in decreased blood supply to the myocardium.
    2. Atherosclerosis (deposits of cholesterol and lipids within the walls of the artery) is the major causative factor.
    3. Occurs most often between ages 30 and 50; men affected more often than women; nonwhites have higher mortality rates.
    4. May manifest as angina pectoris or MI.
    5. Risk factors: family history of CAD, elevated serum lipoproteins, cigarette smoking, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, obesity, sedentary and/or stressful/competitive life-style, elevated serum uric acid levels
  2. Medical management, assessment findings, and nursing interventions: see Angina Pectoris (below) and Myocardial Infarction (MI)).

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