Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty

  1. General information
    1. Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) can be performed instead of coronary artery bypass graft surgery in various clients with single-vessel coronary artery disease.
    2. The aim of PTCA is to revascularize the myocardium, decrease angina, and increase survival.
    3. PTCA is performed in the cardiac catheterization lab and is accomplished by insertion of a balloon-tipped catheter into the stenotic, diseased coronary artery. The balloon is inflated with a controlled pressure and thereby decreases the stenosis of the vessel.
  2. Nursing interventions
    Preoperative and postoperative care is similar to the care of the client undergoing cardiac catheterization.

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