DIURETICS


Major Side Effects Nursing Intervention
furosemide (loop diuretics) hypokalemia -recommend foods rich in potassium: bananas, prunes... -watch for signs of hypokalemia: muscle weakness, cramps
thiazides hypokalemia hyperglycemia -recommend foods rich in potassium: bananas, prunes... -watch for signs of hypokalemia: muscle weakness, cramps -monitor blood glucose
spirinolactone (potassium sparing) gynecomastia menstrual irregularity -clients need to be advised of possible endocrine effects -teach client to avoid excessive dietary potassium
mannitol (osmotic diuretic) transient plasma volume increase -monitor vital signs and central venous pressure
potensiates digitalis toxicity .

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