Chest X-ray

A . Definition of the Procedure

Chest Roentgenogram :
a form of electromagnetic radiation with extremely short-wave lengths and great penetrating power. It is used in medicine to help diagnose certain diseases, to find the extent and location of injuries.

B. Purpose of Procedure
1. detect tumors, foreign bodies, etc.
2. show position or normal structures, displacements and presence of abnormal shadows.
3. chest x-rays may reveal extensive pathology in the lungs in the absence of symptoms.

Procedure during Chest X-ray

C. Preparation of the Patient
1. Practice the client on how to hold his breath and to do deep breathing
2. Instruct client to remove metals from the chest

D. Procedure
1. Posteroanterior and Lateral Views: routine chest radiography which is an integral part of the diagnostic evaluation of diseases involving the pulmonary parenchyma, the pleura, and to a lesser extent, the airways and the mediastinum
2. Lateral decubitus : useful for determining whether pleural abnormalities represent freely-flowing fluid
3. Apico-lordotic views : visualizes diseases of the lung apices better than the standard posteroanterior view
4. Anteroposterior view : utilized for acutely ill patients who either cannot be transported to a radiology suite or cannot stand up for posteroanterior and lateral views.

Normal Chest X-ray (PA) findings